|The successes of the Axis Powers in Europe and the victories
of the Japanese in Asia led to the following treaty, which represents an
attempt to divide the spoils of war. It should be noted that the Soviet
Union had signed a pact of neutrality with Germany on 23 August 1939 and
that the United States, despite Roosevelt's open advocacy of Britain's
cause, was still officially neutral. With two of the largest states in
the world on the side-lines, it must have seemed an appropriate time to
stake out their positions and agree to cooperate. Of course, this was implicit
in the earlier Anti-Comintern Pact.
|The governments of Germany, Italy and Japan, considering
it as a condition precedent of any lasting peace that all nations of the
world be given each its own proper place, have decided to stand by and
co-operate with one another in regard to their efforts in greater East
Asia and regions of Europe respectively wherein it is their prime purpose
to establish and maintain a new order of things calculated to promote the
mutual prosperity and welfare of the peoples concerned.
Furthermore, it is the desire of the three governments to extend co-operation to such nations in other spheres of the world as may be inclined to put forth endeavours along lines similar to their own, in order that their ultimate aspirations for world peace may thus be realized.
Accordingly, the governments of Germany, Italy and Japan have agreed as follows:
In faith whereof, the undersigned duly authorized by their respective governments have signed this pact and have affixed hereto their signatures.
Done in triplicate at Berlin, the 27th day of September, 1940, in the 19th year of the fascist era, corresponding to the 27th day of the ninth month of the 15th year of Showa (the reign of Emperor Hirohito).
The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School