Secret Treaty, and which Must Always Remain Secret,
between Their Majesties the King of Sardinia and the Emperor
of the French. [Turin, 24 January 1859]
The critical state of Italy being of such a nature as to foresee
complications which could give Piedmont legitimate
reasons to invoke the support of France, the Emperor of the French
and the King of Sardinia have resolved to
consult together in advance in anticipation of the said eventualities,
and, after having deliberated upon them, have
agreed to the following articles:
In the event that, as the result of an aggressive act by Austria,
war should break out between His Majesty
the king of Sardinia and His Majesty the Emperor of Austria,
an Offensive and Defensive Alliance shall
be concluded between His Majesty the Emperor of the French
and His Majesty the King of Sardinia.
The purpose of the Alliance shall be to free Italy from the Austrian
occupation, to satisfy the wishes of
the population, and to prevent the return of the complications
which shall have caused the war and which
constantly endanger the peace of Europe, by constituting, if
the outcome of the war permits it, a Kingdom
of Upper Italy of about eleven million inhabitants.
In the name of the same principle, the Duchy of Savoy and the
Province of Nice shall be reunited with France.
Whatever the course of events caused by the war may be, it is
expressly stipulated, in the interests of the Catholic
Religion, that the Sovereignty of the Pope shall be maintained.
The costs of the War shall be met by the Kingdom of Upper Italy.
The High Contracting Parties place themselves under the obligation
not to accept any overture nor any proposal tending to
bring hostilities to an end without having previously deliberated
upon them together.